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both physical and cognitive; In DSRP, the reference is made to the idea that DSRP is a "physico-cognitive theory" to explain that DSRP applies to real-world, physical material things in the same way that it applies to cognitive things; in this sense, DSRP is a mathematical construct that describes both the phenomena across disciplines.

DSRP is both a cognitive theory and a physical theory or a physico-cognitive theory. That means it is a theory of things as much as it is a theory of ideas. For more on this idea see:
  1. Cabrera, D., Cabrera, L. (2020). Any Person, Any Study: A Different Kind of Theory of Everything (ToE). Journal of Applied Systems Thinking (20) 9.
  2. Cabrera, D., & Cabrera, L. (2008) “Distinctions, Systems, Relationships, and Perspectives (DSRP): A Theory of Thinking and of Things.” Journal of Evaluation Program Planning 31, no. 3: 311-17.
DSRP provides a basis for metacognition (awareness of one's thinking) but metacognition itself isn't necessary for DSRP to be operational. In fact, one of the main points of DSRP is that we are already and always doing it. In other words, you don't get to choose whether or not you do DSRP, you get to choose whether or not you are aware that you are doing it.
You may also want to see:
  1. Slime Molds Are Systems Thinkers Too...
  2. DSRP in Non-Neural Life Forms and Nonliving Compounds